Plants That Will Grow Near Black Walnut Trees

Published On: October 20th, 2022


juglone tolerant plants growing under black walnut tree

Black Walnut & Juglone

If you are a plant that must compete with other plants for the limited resources of light, moisture, and nutrients, how do you give yourself the upper hand? One strategy is to produce and release a toxin to inhibit the growth of other plants that would compete for the resources you need to survive. This approach, known as allelopathy, is utilized by many plants but most notably – for gardeners in this area – by the Black Walnut Tree (Juglans nigra).

Black Walnut trees produce a natural herbicide known as Juglone that will kill or stunt the growth of plants grown within its root zone. This toxin is released by all parts of the tree, including leaves, fruit, stems, and roots. Since the roots can extend 50-80 from the base of the tree, this creates a large zone that is off-limits for growing many plants.

While the Black Walnut tree is an attractive native tree that is a valuable food source for native wildlife, if your property is home to one of these trees you are familiar with the frustration of trying to garden in its vicinity.

Here is our list of plants that are tolerant of Juglone and can cohabitate with Black Walnut Trees.

identify black walnut tree foliage and fruit for juglone tolerant landscape plants

Plants Tolerant of Juglone (Will Grow Near Black Walnut)

Plants Tolerant of Juglone
(Will Grow Near Black Walnut)

Juglone Tolerant Shrubs

  • Barberry (Berberis)
  • Hazelnut (Corylus)
  • Euonymus (Euonymus)
  • Forsythia (Forsythia)
  • Witchhazel (Hamamellis)
  • Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus)
  • Smooth Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens)
  • St. John’s Wort (Hypericum)
juglone tolerant shrubs elderberry sambucus

Elderberry (Sambucus)

Juglone Tolerant Perennials

  • Yarrow (Achillea)
  • Bugleweed (Ajuga)
  • Hollyhock (Alcea)
  • Allium (Allium)
  • Anemone (Anemone)
  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema)
  • Wild Ginger (Asarum)
  • Aster (Aster)
  • Astilbe (Astilbe)
  • Bellflower (Campanula)
  • Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa)
  • Clematis (Clematis)
  • Crocus (Crocus)
  • Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
  • Purple Coneflower (Echinacea)
  • Epimedium (Epimedium)
  • Winter Aconite (Eranthis)
  • Joe-Pye-Weed (Eupatorium)
  • Ferns, many
  • Snowdrop (Galanthus)
  • Sweet Woodruff (Galium)
  • Gentian (Gentiana)
  • Perennial Geranium (Geranium)
  • Grasses, many
  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus)
  • Daylily (Hemerocallis)
  • Coral Bells (Heuchera)
  • Hosta (Hosta)
  • Iris (Iris)
  • Lobelia (Lobelia)
  • Virginia Bluebell (Mertensia)
  • Bee Balm (Monarda)
  • Grape Hyacinth (Muscari)
  • Pachysandra (Pachysandra)
  • Phlox (Phlox)
  • Mayapple (Podophyllum)
  • Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium)
  • Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum)
  • Lungwort (Pulmonaria)
  • Bloodroot (Sanguinaria)
  • Squill (Scilla)
  • Stonecrop (Sedum)
  • Stachys (Stachys)
  • Meadowrue (Thalictrum)
  • Spiderwort (Tradescantia)
  • Globeflower (Trollius)
  • Tulips (Tulipa)
  • Yarrow (Achillea)
  • Bugleweed (Ajuga)
  • Hollyhock (Alcea)
  • Allium (Allium)
  • Anemone (Anemone)
  • Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema)
  • Wild Ginger (Asarum)
  • Aster (Aster)
  • Astilbe (Astilbe)
  • Bellflower (Campanula)
  • Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa)
  • Clematis (Clematis)
  • Crocus (Crocus)
  • Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
  • Purple Coneflower (Echinacea)
  • Epimedium (Epimedium)
  • Winter Aconite (Eranthis)
  • Joe-Pye-Weed (Eupatorium)
  • Ferns, many
  • Snowdrop (Galanthus)
  • Sweet Woodruff (Galium)
  • Gentian (Gentiana)
  • Perennial Geranium (Geranium)
  • Grasses, many
  • Lenten Rose (Helleborus)
  • Daylily (Hemerocallis)
  • Coral Bells (Heuchera)
  • Hosta (Hosta)
  • Iris (Iris)
  • Lobelia (Lobelia)
  • Virginia Bluebell (Mertensia)
  • Bee Balm (Monarda)
  • Grape Hyacinth (Muscari)
  • Pachysandra (Pachysandra)
  • Phlox (Phlox)
  • Mayapple (Podophyllum)
  • Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium)
  • Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum)
  • Lungwort (Pulmonaria)
  • Bloodroot (Sanguinaria)
  • Squill (Scilla)
  • Stonecrop (Sedum)
  • Stachys (Stachys)
  • Meadowrue (Thalictrum)
  • Spiderwort (Tradescantia)
  • Globeflower (Trollius)
  • Tulips (Tulipa)
juglone tolerant plant perennial flower echinacea purpurea purple coneflower

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea)

juglone tolerant plant perennial flower hemerocallis strawberry candy daylily

Strawberry Candy Daylily (Hemerocallis)

juglone tolerant plant perennial flower iris sibirica temper tantrum

Temper Tantrum Iris (Iris sibirica)

Juglone Tolerant Vegetables

  • Beans
  • Beets
  • Carrots
  • Corn
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Parsnips
  • Squash & melons
juglone tolerant vegetables pumpkin gourd squash melons

Squash & Melons

juglone tolerant vegetables garlic

Garlic

Plants Sensitive to Juglone (Will Not Grow Near Black Walnut)

Plants Sensitive to Juglone
(Will Not Grow Near Black Walnut)

There are certain plants that you should avoid planting if you have black walnut trees on your property.

Juglone Sensitive Shrubs

  • Chokeberry (Aronia)
  • Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster)
  • Panicle Hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata)
  • Potentilla (Potentilla)
  • Roses (Rosa)
  • Yew (Taxus)

Juglone Sensitive Perennials

  • Columbine (Aquilegia)
  • Lily (Lilium)
  • Peony (Paeonia)

Juglone Sensitive Vegetables

  • Asparagus
  • Cabbage
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Pepper
  • Potato
  • Tomato

Juglone Sensitive Vegetables

  • Asparagus
  • Cabbage
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Pepper
  • Potato
  • Tomato